Top 10 Engineering branches for 2016: Best Career Scope & Salary

Best Career Scope & Salary
Did you know that India is on the threshold of major reforms and is poised to become the third-largest economy of the world by 2030?  This is according to a report by the UK think tank Centre for Economics Business and Research (CEBR). We have an increasingly tech-savvy, educated population, consisting of skilled and intelligent labour and you. Of course are part of this. Which means you are at the cusp of making a great career for yourself as well as contribute to the glorious development that this country. This is especially true for students aiming to go for engineering courses. If you have the right passion, the future is bright.

There is opportunities and scope in almost every field although the scope might keep changing as new trends, technologies and requirements emerge with each year. The key question that you’ve to ask yourself before choosing an engineering branch is whether you are passionate in that particular field. If you are choosing a course simply based on its job possibilities, then you are going to be stuck in a course that you hate and you have to struggle to complete it. Then you will be trapped in a job that you have no skill or interest in. So it is very important to go for a branch that is of your interest. Here we are listed the top 10 engineering branches that you can opt for based on your interests and skills.

1. Computer Science & Engineering/IT:

There is always a requirement for a software solution, be it in banking, hospitals, media, airlines, hospitality, IT field, railways, healthcare or education. Computers are the present and the future and there is always demand for an IT expert. Computer Science/IT is one of the most in demand among all the engineering branches. They also have the highest salaries. A student who graduates from any good engineering college in south India, especially from cities like Bangalore, Coimbatore, Chennai or Mangalore can expect to get a very high pay and be placed in one of the top companies in India. A computer science fresher can get a starting salary between Rs. 3 lakh to 8 lakh per annum in most of the metros.

Computer Science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations. If you are interested in computers, if you want to do something new in computers and have very strong mathematical skills along with good IQ, this is the branch that you must choose. Best engineering colleges for computer science engineering are at Bangalore and Coimbatore in South India. It is always advisable to do computer science engineering in Bangalore as there are over 7500+ IT companies there.

2. Mechanical Engineering:            

Mechanical engineering is the branch of engineering that involves the design, production, and operation of machinery. Our country is developing at a rapid pace and is home to several robust heavy-manufacturing industries like steel, metal, forging, automobile and mining. This means all these industries have a demand for a steady inflow of fresh mechanical engineering graduates. As automation is gaining ground, there is an increasing requirement in these industries for engineers who can monitor, supervise and fault-diagnose systems. Not only this, mechanical engineers have scope in the IT sector for designing and developing ERP solutions. Mechanical engineers have a good understanding on of manufacturing and production processes and this makes them indispensable in a large number of sectors.

The top employers of mechanical engineers are sectors such as railways, heavy-engineering, ship yards, ports, mining, defence forces, national highways and metro rail corporation. As cities are developing, there is also development of metro rails to increase connectivity. This is another area that will see huge demand for mechanical engineers. If you have a passion for physics and the functioning of things, building of mechanisms, then this is the branch that you should go for. Mechanical engineering requires an understanding of core concepts including mechanics, kinematics, thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis, and electricity. If you are talented and ready to work hard, there is lot of job opportunity in this sector. It is advisable to complete mechanical engineering in Chennai, Mangalore or Bangalore in south India as these cities are consists of 60% of manufacturing plants in south India.

3. Electrical & Electronics Engineering:

This is one of the oldest and core branch of engineering which always had steady demand in terms of employability. All electricity boards, power sector organizations like NTPC, PSUs, railways, defence forces and manufacturing sector have a continuous demand for electrical, electrical & electronic and electrical & instrumentation engineers. Electrical and electronics engineers are also hired in IT sectors for ERP solutions and software development. If you always had an urge to dismantle a switch board, try to figure out the workings of your home’s electrical appliances or your computer’s CPU, then this is the right field for you. There are many job opportunity in government sector for electrical and electronics engineers. Companies like Bosch and BHEL recruit electrical and electronic engineering graduated from engineering colleges in Bangalore, Chennai, Salem, Coimbatore, Erode etc.

4. Electronics & Communication Engineering:

In this branch you will study all about electronic circuits, power electronics, fundamentals of communication engineering, signals and systems, applied electromagnetic theory, integrated circuits, digital electronics and logic design VLSI etc. If you are a gadget-nerd, this don’t think twice, this is the branch for you. If you are interested in repairing or developing electronic communication systems, you will not go wrong opting for electronics and communication engineering. There are excellent job opportunities especially in leading companies like Huawei and Ericsson, Recruitments usually are done from leading electronics and communications engineering colleges in Bangalore, Mangalore, Chennai, Cochin, Mangalore, Mysore etc.   

5. Civil Engineering:

The late nineties and early 2000s saw a sudden boom in infrastructure development leading to an increasing requirement for civil engineers. All construction projects required site engineers, supervisors and architects; fuelling the demand for civil engineers. This branch deals with the construction, designing and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment which includes, roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings. It is a very interesting and satisfying profession as you can see the result of your work, whether it is a high-rise building, a hydroelectric dam, a subway station, or a completed bridge.    
50% of construction activities are undertaken in tier 1 metro cities, which means, for a civil engineer, the best job opportunities would be in metros across cities. Since companies are also situated in Tier-1 cities, it is better to do civil engineering from Bangalore, Chennai, or Hyderabad as the chances of getting hired are higher. You can also try cities like Coimbatore, Mangalore, Mysore, Cochin etc. as these are rapidly developing Tier 2 cities. Major construction and developers companies like DHL, Ozone group, Embassy group are hiring civil engineering candidates from Bangalore, Chennai and Coimbatore on a large scale.

6. Aeronautical Engineering:

The job of an aeronautical engineer is very exciting and prestigious and you get to take home a fat pay check. Young aerospace engineers in India are in the best possible career position. Aeronautical Engineering is the branch which deals with the research, design, development, construction, testing, science and technology of aircraft. The last two decades saw and increasing popularity of air travel and space exploration. This means there is an increasing requirement for expertise in designing and development of aircraft technology.

The increasing growth rate means the demand for smart and creative aerospace engineers is only going to increase in the near future.
Job opportunities for aerospace and aeronautical engineers are available in airlines, air force, corporate research companies, Defence Ministry, helicopter companies, aviation companies and even NASA. Some of the top recruiters in this field are Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Defence Research and Development Laboratories (DRDO), Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Civil Aviation Department, Air India, India Space Research Organization (ISRO) and others.Private companies like Tata, L & T, Mahindra, Taneja too have aerospace divisions, which support Indian government companies or offer consultancy services to foreign aerospace companies. Here too there is immense job opportunities. Aerospace engineering is a very wide subject and becoming an aerospace engineer doesn’t necessarily mean working in the field of aerodynamics or flight dynamics alone. There are several subdivisions in the aerospace engineering curriculum including courses on propulsion, structures, robotics, navigation, control and guidance, manufacturing, spaceflight, aerodynamics, advanced fluid dynamics, material sciences and flight mechanics.

Companies such as Godrej & Boyce aerospace, L & T, Merlin Hawk Aerospace etc. work on these areas which means the scope for an aerospace engineer is manifold and can stretch to any area. Foreign MNCs like Airbus, Cassidian, GE and Boeing have R & D labs in Bangalore, employing more than 5000 people with expertise generally in the areas of CFD, FEM, solid modelling.
An aerospace engineer usually get very good salary and placed in really good job locations. Companies such as Airbus, Boeing have clients including Air India, Spice Jet and Indigo and their air base are at Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad airports.

7. Marine Engineering:

Marine engineering is the branch which deals with the designing, building, testing and repairing of boats, ships, underwater craft, and offshore platforms and drilling equipment. A marine engineer has some interesting job opportunities in India and abroad. Institutions like International Maritime Academy recruit marine engineers to the post of junior engineers in merchant ships. You would be required to appear for an exam after your graduation. There are also lucrative career options in public and private shipping companies, engine production firms, ship building and designing firms, navy and research bodies.

After graduating as a marine engineer, one can get a job in a ship as a third assistant engineer or fourth engineer. They can also get employed in different foreign and Indian shipping companies.
There are also opening in major shipping companies in port cities like Chennai, Cochin, Mangalore and Vizag. Some of the colleges offering marine engineering are in Chennai and Mangalore.

8. Chemical Engineering:

In chemical engineering you will learn about polymers, chemicals, petroleum, pharmaceuticals along with computer and information technology for the development of chemical engineering processes. Chemical engineer’s job includes designing, construction and operation of process plants. If you have a passion towards organic & inorganic chemistry, then this is the right branch for you.  
For a chemical engineer, the number of opportunities is tremendous and growing. There are several opportunities in petrochemical refineries and manufacturing units, pharmaceuticals, FMCG companies, chemical design companies and even in NGOs dealing with environment and climate change.

Some of the top companies where there is a huge scope for chemical engineers include Engineers India Limited (EIL), Flour, KBR, Shell , production companies such as ONGC, IOCL, BPCL, HPCL, GAIL, HUL, Proctor andGamble, Reliance, Cairn, Tata Chemicals, RCF, Asian Paints etc. If you plan to go to abroad you will even get higher pays and there opportunities in companies such as Schlumberger, BP, Chevron, Exxon Mobil etc.
Bangalore is home to many leading engineering colleges offering courses in chemical engineering. A chemical engineer graduate can easily find jobs across India especially in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

9. Biotechnology Engineering:

According to an article in The Hindu, after multimedia industry, Biotechnology is ranked second as the growing sector with a tremendous employment potential. Biotechnology is a fast growing industry and its real scope might be seen only after 5-10 years. Biotechnology is so vast a subject that it can find application in a large number of fields including medical and health care, industrial R&D, agriculture, bio processing, drug designing, testing and manufacturing, animal husbandry, food processing etc.  
Opt for a good engineering college in Bangalore, Mangalore, Coimbatore or Chennai to complete your biotechnology engineering, you can then seek employment in leading Indian or multi-national companies.

You can apply for jobs in a range of industries dealing with pharmaceutical, chemical, bioprocessing and agriculture products. You are also eligible for opportunities in government research and development organisations. Some companies that hire biotechnologists are Indian Vaccines Corporation, Hindustan Antibiotics, Thapar Group, Indo American Hybrid Seeds, Hindustan Lever, Bincon India Limited, Bivcol, IDPL, Sun Pharma, Cadila etc.

10. Automation & Robotics Engineering:

Robots are increasingly becoming a key part of most production and manufacturing companies. Research into the functionality and potential uses of robots has been growing in recent times. Robotics is rapidly growing field full of opportunities for engineering students who have good aptitude and a creative mind. Industries across a range of sectors such as automotive, atomic energy, defence, space, metals, textiles and manufacturing use Robotic technologies very extensively.

With global players, like Google investing in Robotics and several open source tools and platforms available for robotics – there is going to be significant development in this field in another 5-10 years. Some of the possible job roles include, Robot Design Engineer, Flexible Manufacturing Engineer, Automated Product Design Engineer, Artificial Intelligence - Thinking Machines and Systems, Space survey & Analysis Engineer and System design & Analysis Engineer.