Build a Career in Architecture with these Top 8 Specializations


Are you moved by the sight of great, arching bridges? Exquisitely designed houses? Can you simply look at an empty room an imagine an interior that can combine vintage and contemporary aesthetics? Do you have a good skill for drawing and mathematics? Then architecture could be your calling.
 
Architecture is the art and science of designing amazing buildings and other physical structures. It is a field that gives you the freedom to explore your creativity within the fascinating realm of the science of shapes and dimensions. Pursuing an architecture course will give you a lot of opportunities to showcase your brilliance and creativity. Architecture is one of the most distinct subjects you can find. And that’s the reason why this field attracts the most romantic and creative minds in the world.
Not only do you get to take home a high paycheck, but you can also avoid monotony by working on a wide variety of projects. You can also travel a lot, visiting different site for different types of constructions, hotels, resorts, apartments, offices and more. 

A graduate in architecture has very good scope in India and they can build their expertise and specialize in the following areas: 

1. Urban Planner: 
The scope for making a career in architecture has never been as big as it is today. An urban planner, you have the role of designing and master planning towns or development of areas on a large scale. As a freshers, you can start working in a well-known architectural firm or with professionals who have been in this field for a longer period so that you can develop your portfolio and understand the practical aspects of this profession.  

2. Building Designer:
You might be seeing the huge demand for housing and real estate across all major cities in India. Even, previously lesser known places are now seeing a huge influx of people taking up residence for jobs, education and retirement. You might see luxury apartments coming up in Mangalore, Vijayawada, Hosur, Jaipur, Pune, Belgaum, Trivandrum, Pune, Panjim, Patna, Kannur, Erode etc. As long as there is civilization as we know it, there will always be a demand for building designers. Their role is to undertake the planning of buildings including apartments, houses, malls, hotels and hospitals. 

3. Interior Designer:
An interior designer should be able to look at a blank, empty room and imagine elements and structures inside it that would make it unique, eclectic and according to a certain style or genre. Depending on the specification of the client you will be in the role of designing various interior spaces using different fixtures, furnitures, show pieces. An interior designer should have a good sense of aesthetics and know how to balance colours, light and shadows and complementing different elements. 

4. Landscape Designer: 
Designing of landscapes Look at a random piece of land, can you imagine a garden? Not the ordinary kind of garden, but something that is so unique that each path, each tree and each view from a bend becomes a work of art? Then this is the area that you need to specialize. There is an increasing demand for landscape designers all across the country, especially in resorts, hotels, apartment complexes and gated communities. 

5. Elevation Designer:
Exteriors have as much importance as interiors. An elevation designer is in the role of designing building exteriors making them appealing and beautiful as well as managing space and making them sync with the external elements. This is a relatively new area in architecture and there is a lot of interest and demand abroad for architects specializing in elevation designing.  

6. Project Management Consultant:
As an architect, you can choose to work freelance as a consultant once you have got together a very good portfolio. As a project management consultant, you will be in charge of the execution of various building and designing projects. As a project management consultant, you should also constantly reinvent and  update your skills and knowledge on the latest developments and advances in structural techniques and materials, an understanding of legal and financial matters and a good perception of social and psychological attitude.  

7. Environmental/Sustainable Design Consultant: 
This is a relatively new area of specialization but one that is really, really interesting and catching up fast. Designers—from building architects to civil and mechanical engineers, and urban planners to energy auditors and managers—are needed to design, build and maintain green buildings, including their energy, waste and water systems and the landscapes that surround them. Jobs in green building are expected to continue to climb. According to the U.S. Green Building Council,  that green buildings will support nearly 8 million jobs across occupations. 

8. Starting your Own Architecture Firm:
Although not exactly a specialization, starting a venture of your own in any field is a stand-alone, distinctive area that needs unique skills, foresights and extreme focus. As in most creative professions, the ultimate goal of an architect is to start his own firm. You can start a firm at any point of time, as a fresher or after gaining some experience in the industry. Start by putting together a website with a wide range of interactive designs that clients can access. Make sure that your designs are scalable and diverse but not too diverse as to compromise your unique style. 
Get yourself registered with the COA (Council of Architecture) as an  architect and get a license of practice for a specific period of time. You must also be empanelled with the Development Authority of the city that you are working in and register your company/firm with the Ministry of Corporate affairs. You have to market yourself well, don’t compromise by taking dead-end, low paying projects. Aim for projects where you can utilize your creative and strategic skills and that you can proudly showcase in your website.  

How to apply for Architecture Course

Aspiring architects need either a Bachelor’s degree (BArch) or diploma in architecture. The basic eligibility criterion for BArch courses is class XII or equivalent, referred to as the qualifying examination from a recognised board/university with a minimum of 50% in science subjects (physics, chemistry and mathematics). Besides, the candidate needs to clear an architecture entrance exam. Once you clear the NATA (National Aptitude Test for  Architecture) Exam and if you have attained a good rank, you can get admitted into the top architecture colleges of India. There are really good architecture courses that you can explore in most of the major south Indian cities including Bangalore, Coimbatore, Cochin, Mangalore and Chennai. The advantage in studying in major cities is that you can easily get apprenticeship or internship in the cities as some of the large construction projects are happening here. 
Even as an undergraduate you can start exploring what specialization that you’d like to follow. There are so many apart from the top seven that we mentioned earlier including, rural planning, transport planning, architecture theory, history and pedagogy, and so on. Besides educational qualifications,you should also have good observation skills, creativity, mathematical skills and dexterity in drawing and sketching to succeed as an architect.