The field of healthcare and nursing has seen an explosive growth in the last decade and the growth is going to continue. The demand for nurses and healthcare staff is at an all-time high. You might have noticed the news regarding the increasing demand for nurses in the UAE as new medical facilities and hospitals open up in the country. Driven by the aging population in many of the first world countries, especially in the USA who require more healthcare services, there is a shortage of nurses in many speciality hospitals. Moreover, young parents today are more informed and aware than before, wanting the best care during pregnancy, delivery and for their babies.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, nurses generally will see a 19% increase in demand by 2022. This demand could edge even higher for some specialities. The salaries for nurses are also high, you can easily negotiate a very good package depending upon where you work, your education level and how much experience you have.
Given below are the field which has the highest potential for you to make a great career as a nurse. They are chosen based on their high demand, good salary, and work setting. If you are intrigued by a career in nursing, you will likely find a specialty in this list that is just right for you!
1. Neonatal Nurse
If you are good with new borns, have a knack for working in critical, intensive environment, this is the right field for you. Job demand for neonatal nurses are going to shoot up by 17% by 2022. A neonatal nurse works with premature babies, most often in an intensive care setting. You will have to give extensive care for premature infants who usually have a variety of health problems. Once you gain a nursing degree from a good college you can go for specialized training. Neonatal nurses can work closely and effectively with other health care professionals this will enrich your experience.
2. Nurse Midwife
Probably one of the most satisfying field for a nurse would be in the role of a nurse midwife. A nurse midwife is a type of advanced practice registered nurse who provides and coordinates patient care for mothers and expecting mothers. You get to be playing an active role in the miracle of birth, you have to assist in delivery, perform birth, and work with mothers before, during and after delivery to ensure the health of mother and child. According to forecasts, the job demand for this field is likely to increase by 31% by 2022. Most nurse-midwives have many years of experience as a nurse, and then they earn their Master of Science degree in nurse-midwifery. Currently, the average expected salary for a nurse midwife is $79,000 per annum. This is likely to increase in the future.
3. Geriatric Nurse
A geriatric nurse works with elderly patients in a hospital or nursing home in most cases. A very fulfilling and noble profession, being a geriatric nurse means you will be specially trained to work with the elderly especially with patients with long term, chronic illnesses such as cancer, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, arthritis, dementia and heart/lung problems. This field is seeing a rapid growth in recent times due to the aging population in the US and other first-world countries. You can expect a growth in demand by at least 20% by 2022.
4. Oncology Nurse
An oncology nurse provides specialized care for cancer patients. They frequently work one on one with cancer patients in a hospital, clinical care center or even at home. You may need to administer chemotherapy and implement different types of cancer treatments, and monitor the progress of patients overall.
You should get a BSN and be a practicing nurse in a general capacity for several years.You can eventually earn a certification in oncology nursing, and even get your MSN later one.
Our population is living longer and medical breakthroughs have provided better treatments for cancer patients. So, it is likely that the demand in this field will continue to be strong – at least 20% by 2022.
5. Clinical Nurse
If you love the time-critical, buzzing environment of a clinical setting, then this is the right field for you. A clinical nurse diagnose and treat patients who have more serious or chronic health problems that require specialized care. You need to have specialized, clinical training as this field is in high demand.
6. Critical Care Nurse
A critical care nurse works most often in the intensive care unit, or ICU. Many hospitals now have ICUs for specific health problems, including burns and heart/lung problems. Critical care nurses may work in a hospital, clinics, health centres and nursing homes. As a critical care nurse, you have to carefully monitor ICU patients and able to think on your feet in times of emergency.The demand and scope of this field is expected to grow by 16% by 2022 and you need additional training beyond your BSc and MSc. It is a very rewarding profession and allows you to stay at top of the latest trends in critical care.
7. Dialysis Nurse
A very specialized and fast-growing field in nursing is the field of dialysis nursing. A dialysis nurse works with patients who have kidney problems, kidney transplant and who must receive dialysis on a regular basis so that they can survive. You’re your finish you basic bachlor’s or master’s degree in nursing you can specialize courses such as nephrology and pharmacology and become expert in all kinds of dialysis, including hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. They also work with patients who recently had a kidney transplant. This field will grow by at least 19% by 2022.
8. Health Policy Nurse
If you are not comfortable working in a clinical setting then you can opt to become a health policy nurse. A health policy nurse looks carefully at health care laws and devises strategies to change the attitudes of the public. As a health policy nurse, you work at the administrative level in various public and private organizations to come up with policies that will make people in society healthier.
This is a very exciting and fast-growing field as you can play an active role in coming up with more effective laws when necessary. You might work in a public health agency, a college or in a legislative body.
9. Informatics Nurse
As such there are very few nurses with specialized skills for this field and it is a fast growing field with a huge and growing demand. As an informatics nurse, your role will be to collect, integrate, interpret and analyse important medical data that comes into a health facility every day. You will be in charge of generating important health and medicine-related insights as well as training other nurses in the hospital on any new technology that is being introduced.Informatics nurses can get jobs in hospitals, pharmaceutical companies and government agencies. As healthcare facilities rely more and more on analysis of digital medical information, the job growth in this field is also on the rise with the average salary being around $83,000.
10. Nurse Anaesthetist
Nurse anaesthetists belong to one of the most prestigious and well-paid fields in nursing. This field is in high demand and requires a high level of education, training and experience. Nurse anaesthetists provide anaesthesia to patients who are going into surgery. They also help manage patient care in the OR, and they provide follow up care for many procedures that are done on an outpatient basis.
You need to have your B.Sc in nursing and gain experience as a nurse for at least two years. Then you can specialize as a nurse in anaesthesia. A Ph.D will give you additional leverage as the field is expected to grow by 22% by 2022. Being a nurse anaesthetists enable you to work in acute care, such as an ICU or ER. The average salary is $154,300.
11. Nurse Educator
According to this article in the Times of India, India has 2,000 nursing diploma schools, 1,200 nursing degree schools and 281 M.Sc nursing colleges. The number of nursing institutes are growing each year. This means, there is a tremendous demand for nurse educators in the coming years. Being a nurse educator means you get to apply for prestigious teaching positions at reputed colleges. A nurse educator teaches other professionals to become nurses. You can work in many areas of nursing education. You might be an instructor at an associates’, bachelor’s or master’s degree program. To become a nurse educator you may have to take doctorate in nursing and gain a few years of experience.
Becoming a Nurse:
There are different categories in nursing profession. Most of all nursing colleges offer the diploma courses in nursing. Also there are bachelor’s degree courses (B.Sc Nursing) and master’s degree courses (M.Sc Nursing). Some of the best nursing colleges can be found in major south Indian cities including Bangalore, Trivandrum, Chennai, Coimbatore and Hyderabad.
It is important to clear entrance exams to get into some of the well-known nursing colleges in India. You should know that all the colleges have different admission process. For Diploma in Nursing, examination is conducted by Nursing Education Board. To get admission in B.SC nursing you should have good grades in 10+2 exam from a recognized university and a General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) diploma course. Your +2 stream should be Chemistry, Physics and Biology. After completion of the B.Sc nursing, students can take admission for the M.Sc Nursing. Duration for M.Sc Nursing is of 2 years. You can also go an M.Phil in nursing and a Ph.d which will make you eligible to work as researchers, teachers, consultants etc. Some of the top specializatons for M.Sc nursing includes Psychiatric Nursing, Pediatric Nursing, Nephrological Nursing, Oncological Nursing, Critical Care Nursing, Nephrological Nursing, Cardiological /CTVS Nursing. You can also take courses in midwifery like General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM), Auxilliary Nurse Midwife/ Health Worker (ANM), Master of Public Health (MPH) and Multipurpose Health Workers Training.
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